Bible Reading Enhances Any Day (BREAD)
2/14/19 Daily Bible Reading: Exodus 39-40, Mark 11
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Mark 11:9-10 (NKJV) Then those who went before and those who followed cried out, saying: “Hosanna! ‘Blessed is He who comes in the name of the LORD!’ Blessed is the kingdom of our father David That comes in the name of the Lord! Hosanna in the highest!”
Mark 11:9-10 (AMP) And those who went before and those who followed cried out [with a cry of happiness], Hosanna! [Be graciously inclined and propitious to Him!] Praised and blessed is He Who comes in the name of the Lord! Praised and blessed in the name of the Lord is the coming kingdom of our father David! Hosanna (O save us) in the highest [heaven]!
11:9-10. The chiastic (a-b-b’-a’) arrangement of these verses suggests antiphonal chanting by two groups—those who went ahead of Jesus and those who followed Him. They chanted Psalm 118:25-26. At the annual Passover festival (cf. Mark 14:1), the Jews chanted the six “ascent” psalms (Pss. 113-118) to express thanksgiving, praise, and petitions to God.
Hosanna, a transliteration of the Greek word which is itself a transliteration of the Hebrew hôš ʿâh nā, originally was a prayer addressed to God, meaning “O save us now” (cf. Ps. 118:25a). Later it came to be used as a shout of praise (like “Hallelujah!”) and then as an enthusiastic welcome to pilgrims or to a famous Rabbi. Hosanna in the highest, in highest places, likely means “Save us, O God, who lives in heaven.” Its use here probably reflects a mixture of all these elements due to the nature of the crowd.
The acclamation, Blessed (lit., “May… be blessed”) calls for God’s gracious power to attend someone or to effect something. He who comes in the name of the Lord (as God’s representative and with His authority) originally referred to a pilgrim coming to the festival. Though these words are not a messianic title, this crowd of pilgrims applied them to Jesus, perhaps with messianic overtones (cf. Gen. 49:10; Matt. 3:11) but they stopped short of identifying Jesus as the Messiah.
The Bible Knowledge Commentary: An Exposition of the Scriptures by Dallas Seminary Faculty.